In the transport industry, we don’t talk about actual meters. Instead, we use Loading Meters (LDM). This is a different metric, that is adjusted to the truck and its capacity. For our truckers and planners, this is daily business so they know quite well how to work with these meters. I can imagine for you as an importer or exporter, this does not come as natural. Yet, you do need this information if you want to export a pallet or a different sized load.
This blog will help you define Loading Meters and understand how to calculate them!
How do I calculate a Loading Meter
Loading Meters are calculated based on the size of the actual goods or pallet which is then multiplied by a coefficient that takes into account the truck’s capacity. Loading meters are important for freight that cannot be stacked. By calculating the loading meter, a freight forwarder can make up for the lost space above the freight that cannot be used. Loading meters are therefore super helpful in maximizing the capacity of a truck.
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So how do we calculate a loading meter? To do this, we take the following formula:
length of the good X width of the good / width of the truck
As a default, we take a truck width of 2,4 meters.
Loading meter calculation: An example
A pallet of goods is 0,80 X 1,20. This means we multiply 0,80 X 1,20 = 9.600 divided by 2,40 gives 0,4 loading meters.
Is there a weight limit to a loading meter?
There are maximums for how much can be carried in each loading meter though! These vary depending on the vehicle type, and can be up to a maximum of 30 tonnes per loading meter. For a standard truck, the maximum capacity is 1.750 Kg per loading meter.
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How many pallets fit into a truck?
This will largely depend on the size of your pallet and the dimensions of your truck. A standard truck will have a capacity of 13,50 loading meters. Most trucks can therefore hold around 33 pallets, however this varies depending on the type of truck and its loading capacity.
It is good to consider that there are different sizes in pallets. The most common sizes are mini pallets (80×60), euro pallets (80×120) and block pallets (100×120). Mini pallets are 0,2 loading meters, euro pallets are 0,4 loading meters, and block pallets are 0,5 loading meters.